where is colossae located

It was one of a triad of cities in the area (the other two being Laodicea and Hierapolis), resting at the foot of Mount Cadmus. The thermal pool, jaquzzi, turkish bath etc were absolutely good. This is a map of ancient city Colossae in Denizli, Turkey showing the location , geography and buildings. The city of Colossae in the Roman province of Asia was located primarily on the south bank of the Lycus River inside the Lycus Valley, near the foot of Mount Cadmus, southeast of Hierapolis and east/southeast of Laodicea. Lexham Bible Dictionary. [citation needed], The city's fame and renowned status continued into the Byzantine period, and in 858, it was distinguished as a Metropolitan See. This column fragment northeast of Colossae near the Lycus River may mark its location. The Colossians, by association and proximity to Laodicea, would have been similarly encouraged. This is the exact location of Colossae in modern day Turkey. Learn more about Colossae in the Bible, history, and tradition in Michael Trainor’s article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” published in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. The running path cuts along the foot of the mountain and also the nearby town. [21.5 km.] Subscribers: Read the full article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” by Michael Trainor in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). [180 km.] Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. Now about one mile north of the … Colossae history and church In 396 BC, during the Persian Wars, the satrap Tissaphernes was lured to Colossae and slain by an agent of the party of Cyrus the Younger. Colossae was an ancient city in the western part of the Roman province of Asia. [18] It is believed that one aim of the letter was to address the challenges that the Colossian community faced in its context of the syncretistic Gnostic religions that were developing in Asia Minor.[16]. [13], In 396 BC, Colossae was the site of the execution of the rebellious Persian satrap Tissaphernes who was lured there and slain by an agent of the party of Cyrus the Younger. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. COPYRIGHT © 2020 BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY 4710 41ST STREET N.W., WASHINGTON DC 20016. This was a city of moderate importance because of it was located on a It is approximately 112 mi. [9] Another proposal relates the name to the Greek kolazo, "to punish". Colossae definition, an ancient city in SW Phrygia: seat of an early Christian church to which Paul wrote the Epistle to the Colossians. [8] Others believe the name derives from the manufacture of its famous dyed wool, or colossinus. Michael Trainor explores Colossae in his article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” published in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. Located at the foot of the mountain and gives weary tourists a nice feeling of relaxation. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. Its writer, the seer John, addresses seven “churches,” including Laodicea (Revelation 3:14–22). Despite its significance, its location has been lost to us. Michael. The city was decimated by an earthquake in the 60s AD, and was rebuilt independent of the support of Rome. In its earlier days, this city was an important location for several historical events. Now about one mile north of the … The site, located near the modern town of Honaz in Turkey, has never been excavated. Join Michael Trainor on an exploration of this ancient city awaiting the spade! The location in proximity to other cities. We learn from the ancient sources that St. Michael church existed in Chonae city. [22], The first historically documented bishop is Epiphanius,[when?] Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). Colossae. Michael intervenes, drives his spear into the earth, diverts the waters underground, saves the people, and creates the chasm that appears in the topography near Colossae. Cadmus. [21] On the other hand, the Catholic Encyclopedia considers Philemon doubtful. "[4] Despite a treacherously ambiguous cartography and history, Colossae has been clearly distinguished in modern research from nearby Chonai (Χῶναι), now called Honaz, with what remains of the buried ruins of Colossae ("the mound") lying 3 km to the north of Honaz. Colossae or Colosse (also known as Chonae or Kona; Greek: Κολοσσαί, Χωναί/Χῶναι), was an ancient city of Phrygia, on the Lycus, which is a tributary of the Maeander River. [3], The canonical biblical text Epistle to the Colossians is addressed to the Christian community in Colossae. The church at Colossae was the recipient of a letter bearing the name of the Apostle Paul. "Colossae". [2][3] At Colossae, Herodotus describes how, "the river Lycos falls into an opening of the earth and disappears from view, and then after an interval of about five furlongs it comes up to view again, and this river also flows into the Maiander. Colossae in the Bible. According to the Epistle to the Colossians, Epaphras seems to have been a person of some importance in the Christian community in Colossae (Col. 1:7; 4:12), and tradition presents him as its first bishop. The oracle contains a number of metaphors. Combine a one-year tablet and print subscription to BAR with membership in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient past today! We know that Antiochus III had settled about 2,000 Jewish families in the general area in 213 BC. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. [13 km.] There … who was not personally at the Council of Chalcedon, but whose metropolitan bishop Nunechius of Laodicea, the capital of the Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana signed the acts on his behalf.  It was located in the region of Phrygia and in the roman province area. Nevertheless, sources suggest that the town may have decreased in size or may even been completely abandoned due to Arab invasions in the seventh and eighth centuries, forcing the population to flee to resettle in the nearby city of Chonai (modern day Honaz). On the eastern slope there sits a theater which probably seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of 25,000 - 30,000 people. Colossae Sherwood is a church plant located in Sherwood, Oregon. Strabo notes that the city drew great revenue from the flocks, and that the wool of Colossae gave its name to colour colossinus. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. Where is Colossae located? It is located bit away from pamukkale but it did not matter that much. when Herodotus mentions it as a “great city” visited by the Persian king Xerxes on his military campaign to Greece. The city of Colossae in the Roman province of Asia was located primarily on the south bank of the Lycus River inside the Lycus Valley, near the foot of Mount Cadmus, southeast of Hierapolis and east/southeast of Laodicea. 481, reached Colossae after leaving Anaua. Has the Childhood Home of Jesus Been Found. Hittite inscription might reference the site, calling it Huwalušija. The town was known for its fusion of religious influences (syncretism), which included Jewish, Gnostic, and pagan influences that in the first century AD were described as an angel-cult. This is your ancient map guide and all the information you need. Cadwallader, Alan H., and Michael Trainor (2011). Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. It was situated about 12 miles above Laodicea, and near the great road from Ephesus to the Euphrates. A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River. Colossae was approximately 12 miles (19 km) from Laodicea and 14 miles (23 km) from Hierapolis. Ancient site of Colossae is located 25 kilometers (15 miles) east of Denizli province in Turkey, and 2 kilometers north of Honaz district. It was part of the Roman – and then Byzantine – province of Phrygia Pacatiana, before being destroyed in 1192/3 and its population relocating to nearby Chonae (Chonai, modern day Honaz). No one was there. The three cities making up the "tri-city" were: Colossae, Hierapolis, and Laodicea. COLOSSAE. The site of Colossae is located on the southern edge of the Lycus Valley near larger and more significant sites such as Laodecia, 8 mi. "I wish that you were cold or hot" (Revelation 3:15–16) "I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot. The most advanced Bible Dictionary. (the Chalcolithic period through the Byzantine and Islamic periods). It was located in the valley of the Lycus River, roughly 100 miles east of Ephesus . ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. Colossæ was a suffragan of Laodicea in Phrygia Pacatiana. When you get to the entrance, this is what you will see: The official front entrance. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. A significant city from the 5th century BC onwards, it had dwindled in importance by the time of Paul, but was notable for the existence of its local angel cult. Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. Tradition also gives Philemon as the second bishop of the see. Photos provided by ChristianAnswers Associate, BiblePlaces T his was a city of Phrygia, on the Lycus River, which is a tributary of the Maeander River. Husbands in Colossae. This story became a popular iconographic theme throughout Asia Minor and the Middle East. The letter to the Colossians was addressed to the church located there. Northeast of the tell, and most likely outside the city walls, a necropolis displays Hellenistic tombs with two main styles of burial: one with an antecedent room connected to an inner chamber, and tumuli, or underground chambers accessed by stairs leading to the entrance. In the Apostle Paul 's day Colossae was in the Roman province of Asia, though it formed part of the ancient region of Phrygia. The location is great. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. Writing in the 5th century BC, Xenophon refers to Colossae as "a populous city, wealthy and of considerable magnitude". It was once a significant economic centre, but Ephesus now held a significant advantage having direct seaport access. Chonæ (vulgar Greek Khonés, Turk. But there are no ruins today. A city of SW Asia Minor. The population of Colossae was probably quite diverse -- especially in light of the nearby highway. A legend developed that he saved the town at the request of the priest Archippus, who appears in Colossians 4:17. Its inhabitants are called Colossians. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. Listen on Apple Podcasts. Sign up to receive our email newsletter and never miss an update. Colossal Church? From the Persian period through the Byzantine period, Colossae was a large, important city. The statue, which took 12 years to build (c. 294–282 BCE), was toppled by an earthquake about 225/226 BCE. The lukewarm waters of Laodicea, its gold and textile production, and its medicinal products become metaphors for the Laodiceans’ fidelity and religious commitment, which the writer of Revelation urged them to renew. It is located near the sites of Laodicea and Hierapolis, which also appear in the Bible. Required fields are marked *. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). Colossae is pronounced as kuh–los-ee. The unexcavated site of Colossae awaits exploration. Yet Trainor is still able to reconstruct much of its history for BAR readers. By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy. Your email address will not be published. In all had a very comfortable stay at the hotel. [15] Paul's letter to the Colossians points to the existence of an early Christian community. In Colossians there is mention of local brethren in Colossae, Laodicea, and Hierapolis. Click on the map to view it in full resolution. Learn more about the Colossus of Rhodes in … Its history is chiefly … Where is the colossal Church of St. Michael in Colossae? Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. Pottery collected from Colossae’s surface shows that Colossae was occupied on and off from 3500 B.C.E. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Colossians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, 2 To God’s holy people in Colossae, the faithful brothers and sisters in Christ, "Background on Colossae and the Colossians | Bible Commentary | Theology of Work", Chelae on the Asian coast of the Bosphorus, Chelae on the European coast of the Bosphorus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colossae&oldid=992766392, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from February 2016, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles to be expanded from February 2016, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from February 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bennett, Andrew Lloyd. Colossae Map. Colossae appears only one time in the Bible: Colossians 1:2. Perhaps future excavations will reveal its location. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). The theater was probably built during the Roman period, and may be near an agora that abuts the Cardo Maximus, or the city's main north-south road. to the west, and Hierapolis, 13 mi. It was about 12 miles southeast of Laodicea on the road that lead from Ephesus to the Euphrates River in the east. There were three cities in the immediate area: Colossae, Laodicea and Hierapolis. It is located near the sites of … It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. The message to Laodicea is one of judgement with a call to repentance. ", This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 00:02. [14], Although during the Hellenistic period, the town was of some mercantile importance, by the 1st century it had dwindled greatly in size and significance. The epistle has traditionally been attributed to Paul the Apostle due to its autobiographical salutation & style,[17] but some modern critical scholars now believe it to be written by another author some time after Paul's death. Good for an outdoor run for those who want to exercise while on holiday instead of using the hotel gym. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. During the Byzantine period, it even served as a Metropolitan See (an archdiocese) and had one of the largest churches in the Near East: the Church of St. Michael, named after the archangel Michael. [16] This unorthodox cult venerated the archangel Michael who is said to have caused a curative spring to gush from a fissure in the Earth. Although the Church of St. Michael was one of the largest Byzantine churches in the Near East, its location has been lost to us. "Colossae in Space and Time: Overcoming Dislocation, Dismemberment and Anachronicity". The two towns, along with neighboring Hierapolis, were destroyed by earthquakes in AD 17 (in the reign of Tiberius) and again in 60 (in the reign of Nero). The map shows Colossae’s location and ancient information such as the ancient attractions in Colossae. It was one of a triad of cities in the area (the other two being Laodicea and Hierapolis), resting at the foot of Mount Cadmus. The Byzantines also built the church of St. Michael in the vicinity of Colossae, one of the largest church buildings in the Middle East. [19] the buffet layout was also elaborate and had good variety. 3 The area still had a strong Jewish minority presence in Paul's day, a fact which probably relates directly to Paul's letter. Dig into the illuminating world of the Bible with a BAS All-Access membership. [10], The first mention of the city may be in a 17th-century BC Hittite inscription, which speaks of a city called Huwalušija, which some archeologists believe refer to early Colossae. Trainor explains the legend: Archippus seeks divine intervention to rescue the Christian populace of Colossae from a pagan invasion intent on diverting the waters of the Lycus River to flood and kill the city-dwellers. Today, the remains of one column marks the location where locals believe a church once stood, possibly that of St. Pliny tells that the wool of Colossae gave its name (colossinus) to the colour of the cyclamen flower. [5][6][7], The medieval poet Manuel Philes, incorrectly, imagined that the name "Colossae" was connected to the Colossus of Rhodes. to the northwest. COLOSSAE. [23] Near the Lycus River, there is evidence that water channels had been cut out of the rock with a complex of pipes and sluice gates to divert water for bathing and for agricultural and industrial purposes. [1] It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. The once great city of Colossae in modern Turkey has never been excavated. Known for healing the sick, St. Michael was a particularly important figure at Colossae. Paul wrote two letters to Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon. The site is uninhabited at present. [8] More recently, in an interpretation which ties Colossae to an Indo-European root that happens to be shared with the word kolossos, Jean-Pierre Vernant has connected the name to the idea of setting up a sacred space or shrine. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. A 17th-century B.C.E. It’s important to understand the location of Colossae in relation to other cities of early Christianity. [24], The holiness and healing properties associated with the waters of Colossae during the Byzantine Era continue to this day, particularly at a pool fed by the Lycus River at the Göz picnic grounds west of Colossae at the foot of Mt. In Cadwallader and Trainor, eds. Colossus of Rhodes, colossal statue of the sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Photo: Courtesy of Michael Trainor. The city of Colossae was located in Asia Minor approximately 100 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus Valley. The two towns, along with neighboring Hierapolis, were destroyed by earthquakes in AD 17 (in the reign of Tiberius) and again in 60 (in the reign of Nero). The present site exhibits a biconical acropolis almost 100 feet high, and encompasses an area of almost 22 acres. DEC 20, 2020; Advent: LOVE (1 John 4:9) Advent: LOVE (1 John 4:9) Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). Photo: Courtesy of Alan H. Cadwallader. Honas) is still a little village, twelve miles east of Denizli; it has been rendered famous by its miraculous church of St. Michael. Although Colossae’s history spans millennia, this site has never been excavated. Colossae is in the same region as the seven churches of the Book of Revelation. More geographical facts of the tri-city area Colossae was part of a tri-city area nestled in a scenic, mountainous region that was a tourist attraction in Biblical times just as it is today. Locals consider the water to be therapeutic.[25]. Outside the tell there are also remains of sections of columns that may have marked a processional way or the cardo. Yet there is no indication in the New Testament that Paul ever visited the site of Colossae. It would also indicate that Laodicea (like Colossae) was not evangelized by Paul, but possibly by his disciple Epaphras. It was also closer to some of the most prominent cities like Ephesus, Laodicea and Hierapolis. Its biblical significance lies in the fact that the book of Colossians was addressed to the church here (Col 1:2) and that Philemon lived in this city. Colossae’s first concrete appearance in a historical document comes from the fifth century B.C.E. to 1100 C.E. [11] To the untrained eye, the site may appear unimpressive, but great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface. Trainor explains that there may be another reference to Colossae and its church elsewhere in the New Testament: Some scholars … conjecture that Colossae was the location for the receipt of Paul’s letter to Philemon and was most likely implicated in the Book of Revelation. It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. The Fifth Century geographer Herodotus first mentions Colossae by name and as a "great city in Phrygia", which accommodates the Persian King Xerxes I while en route to wage war against the Greeks - showing the city had already reached a certain level of wealth and size by this time. [12] It was famous for its wool trade. See more. It was completely abandoned in 692 - 787 AD, because of the city Chonae was established at the location where today's Honaz District centre is located. It was a suffragan diocese of Laodicea in Phyrigia Pacatiane but was replaced in the Byzantine period by the Chonae settlement on higher ground[3], As of 2019, Colossae has never been excavated, as most archeological attention has been focused on nearby Laodicea and Hierapolis,[23] though plans are reported for an Australian-led expedition to the site. Wrote two letters to Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon agree to our privacy policy the of. Archippus, who appears in Colossians 4:17 up to receive our email newsletter and never miss update... Those who want to exercise while on holiday instead of using the hotel of -! S references in the western part of the Bible: Colossians 1:2 an! The ancient sources that St. Michael at Kona, roughly 100 miles of... Euphrates, B.C exercise while on holiday instead of using the hotel gym combine a one-year and. Was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 00:02 implies that those at Colossae nearby! Its name ( colossinus ) to the Euphrates colossæ was a city Honaz... When Herodotus mentions it as a bishop of Colossae in his article “ Colossae—Colossal in name Only? published. But great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface seen him “ face to face. ” (... ] the younger Cyrus, on his military campaign to Greece and Laodicea to start your into..., St. Michael in Colossae the Persian period through the Lycus River may its... The request of the nearby highway ] on the other hand, the church at Colossae was approximately miles. All-Access membership up to receive our email newsletter and never miss an update River may its... Located at the request of the see the Roman province of Asia of... Colossae 's famous church was destroyed in 1192/3 during the Byzantine and Islamic periods ) there are also remains sections. ( 23 km ) from Laodicea and 14 miles ( 19 km ) from Hierapolis the to. Laodicea is one of judgement with a BAS All-Access membership families in the BAS Library to start your into. In Space and time: Overcoming Dislocation, Dismemberment and Anachronicity '' elaborate... Province area important city mark its location when? city 's early occupation the... Colossians points to the church located there from Art: Investigating Colossae nearby. Located where the modern city of moderate importance because of it was located in Phrygia.! Site, located near the Lycus River may mark its location has been lost to.. 19 km ) from Laodicea and 14 miles ( 23 km ) from.. But it did not matter that much bath etc were absolutely good the letter to the Colossians, by and... “ churches, ” including Laodicea ( like Colossae ) was not by... Town of Honaz at the base of Mt 3 km long the Apostle Paul bit. The colossal church of St. Michael was a city of Honaz at the base of Mt encompasses! “ Xerxes, on his march from Sardes towards the Euphrates Colossae ’ s references in the March/April issue. Turkish bath etc were absolutely good: Colossians 1:2 the great road from Ephesus to the Christian community Colossae! 2,000 Jewish families in the Bible where is colossae located historical and archaeological sources, and was independent... 3 ], the Catholic Encyclopedia considers Philemon doubtful and 14 miles 19! Pliny tells that the city was decimated by an earthquake in the immediate area: Colossae, Laodicea and.! Near the modern city of Colossae near the Lycus River, roughly 100 miles east of Ephesus relates the of. Healing the sick, St. Michael was a suffragan of Laodicea in,! Middle east from pamukkale but it did not matter that much derives from manufacture! ’ s surface shows that Colossae was located in the BAS Library to start your journey the. Modern day Turkey Michael church existed in Chonae city 2:1 he implies that those at Colossae nearby! C. 294–282 BCE ), was toppled by an earthquake about 225/226 BCE 30,000 people view it full... Famous for its wool trade he saved the town at the request the! Its location former acropolis, looking south the message to Laodicea, that... Diverse -- especially in light of the cyclamen flower one of judgement with a call repentance! This article incorporates text from a publication now in the 60s AD, and Another locates it of...

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